Developing a multi-criteria decision support system based on fuzzy analytical hierarchical process (AHP) method for selection of appropriate high-strength wastewater treatment plant

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Chemical and Petroleum engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


The selection of an optimum treatment process for high-strength wastewater is complicated. Familiarity with wastewater treatment methods is not enough to design a plant and requires a multidisciplinary knowledge base. In this research, five alternative wastewater treatment methods for high-strength wastewater were investigated and ranked based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) fuzzy method: upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) + membrane bioreactor (MBR), UASB + extended aeration (EA), anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR), anaerobic lagoon (ANL) + aerated lagoon (AL), and sequencing batch reactor (SBR) + ABR. These treatment methods were ranked based on five criteria, namely energy consumption, effluent total suspended solids (TSS), effluent chemical oxygen demand (COD), cost, and level of technology. The different options of the wastewater treatment plant were rated by expert decision-makers in this field. The results show that for typical high-strength wastewater, the use of an UASB reactor followed by a MBR is the most appropriate alternative for treating the wastewater.


Main Subjects

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Volume 5, Issue 2
April 2019
Pages 99-105
  • Receive Date: 01 March 2020
  • Revise Date: 23 April 2020
  • Accept Date: 04 May 2020
  • First Publish Date: 04 May 2020