Detection of napropamide by microwave resonator sensor using carbon nanotube – polypyrrole- chitosan layer

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Buein Zahra Technical University, Buein Zahra, Qazvin, Iran

2 Materials Processing and Technology Laboratory (MPTL), Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology Group, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400UPM, Malaysia

3 School of Information and Technology, Federation University, Gippsland Campus 3842, Australia


This paper presents the design and fabrication of proximity coupled feed disk resonator coated with Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) and Polypyrrole-Chitosan (PPy-CHI) layers as a napropamide sensor. Computer Simulation Technology (CST) microwave studio was used to obtain the best design of disk resonator and feed line position in 5 GHz resonant frequency. Also, MWCNTs - PPy-CHI layers were coated on the disk resonator using electric field deposition and chemical interaction between sensing layer and napropamide was investigated by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). The evaluation of the system was performed using different concentrations of commercial napropamide and pure napropamide at room temperature (25 0C). Experimental results prove that proximity coupled feed disk resonator coated with MWCNTs-PPy-CHI layers is a simple, fast (Measurement- time=5 seconds), accurate (as low as 0.1 ppm), low cost and it has the potential of fabrication as a portable instrumentation system for detecting pesticides in water and soil.


Main Subjects

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Volume 2, Issue 4
October 2016
Pages 185-195
  • Receive Date: 31 October 2016
  • Revise Date: 15 December 2016
  • Accept Date: 05 February 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 October 2017