Removal of Manganese from an Aqueous Solution Using Micellar-Enhanced Ultrafiltration (MEUF) with SDS Surfactants

Document Type : Research Paper


Faculty of Chemical, Petroleum, and Gas Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, 35131-19111, Iran


In the present study, micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF) was used to remove manganese (Mn) (II) from synthetic wastewater. The effects of different operational conditions on the filtration performance of MEUF or the membrane were studied. It was found that the transmembrane pressure has a major influence on the permeate flux and an insignificant effect on the rejection coefficient. The permeate flux increased almost linearly with operating pressure, ranging from 0.35 L min-1 m-2 at 1 bar to 1.79 L min-1 m-2 at 4 bar. When the pH of the feed solution was changed from 3 to 13, the permeate manganese concentration decreased considerably while the rejection of manganese increased from 75.37% to 99.78%. The results showed that by adding SDS anionic surfactant, the permeate flux and the removal efficiency of manganese increased. The retention of Mn (II) increases from 47% in the absence of SDS to around 97% with 10mM SDS.
In this state, the MEUF system has a rejection of above 97 percent of manganese. The Mn rejection increased slightly with an increase of operating pressure, ranging from 89.658 at 1 bar to 97.971 at 4 bar. Adding NaCl to the solution provokes the complexation of metal cations with chloride ions and the adsorption competition of sodium cations with the metal ions; therefore, the conductivity increment decreases the metal retention. The presence of 60 mM of NaCl reduced the removal efficiency by 50–60%.


Main Subjects

[1] Nealson, K. H.,  Myers, C. R. (1992). Microbial reduction of manganese and iron:new approaches
to carbon cycling. Applied and environmental microbiology, 58(2), 439.
[2] Al-Rashdi, B. A. M., Johnson, D. J.,  Hilal, N. (2013).Removal of heavy metal ions by nanofiltration. Desalination, 315,2-17.
[3] Sly, L. I., Hodgkinson, M. C.,  Arunpairojana, V. (1990).Deposition of manganese in a drinking water distribution system. Applied and environmental microbiology, 56(3),628-639.
[4] Rajec, P., Paulenová, A. (1994). Micellar enhanced ultrafiltration of strontium. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry, Articles, 183(1), 115-119.
[5] Parvathi, K., Nareshkumar, R.,  Nagendran, R. (2007).Manganese biosorption sites of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Environmental technology, 28(7), 779-784.
[6] World Health Organization. (1989). The Prevention and Management of Postpartum Haemorrhage: Report of a Technical Working Group, Geneva, 3-6 July 1989. World Health Organization.
[7] World Health Organization. (1990). Diet, nutrition, and the prevention of chronic diseases: report of a WHO Study Group (Vol. 797). World Health Organization.
[8] Kim, J. W., Suh, K. D. (2008). Monodisperse polymer particles synthesized by seeded polymerization techniques. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 14(1), 1-9.
[9] Okoniewska, E., Lach, J., Kacprzak, M.,  Neczaj, E. (2007). The removal of manganese, iron and ammonium nitrogen on impregnated activated carbon. Desalination, 206(1), 251-258.
[10] World Health Organization. (2007). AIDS epidemic update, December 2006. World Health Organization.
[11] World Health Organization. (1972). International drug monitoring: the role of national centres, report of a WHO meeting [held in Geneva from 20 to 25 September 1971].
[12] Cornish, P. M., & Binns, D. (1987). Streamwater quality following logging and wildfire in a dry sclerophyll forest in southeastern Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 22(1), 1-28.
[13] World Health Organization. (1970). Health aspects of chemical and biological weapons: Report of a WHO group of consultants.
[14] Gaudet, C., Lingard, S., Cureton, P., Keenleyside, K.,Smith, S., Raju, G. (1995). Canadian environmental quality guidelines for mercury. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution,
[15] Tarasevich, Y. I., Goncharuk, V. V., Polyakov, V. E., Krysenko, D. A., Ivanova, Z. G., Aksenenko, E. V.,  Tryfonova, M. Y. (2012). Efficient technology for the removal of iron and manganese ions from artesian water using clinoptilolite. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 18(4), 1438-1440.
[16] Paulenova, A., Rajec, P., Ježíková, M.,  Kučera, J. (1996).Micellar enhanced ultrafiltration of cadmium. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry, 208(1), 145-152.
[17] Baek, K., Yang, J. W. (2004). Effect of valences on removal of anionic pollutants using micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration.Desalination,167,119-125.
[18] Paulenova, A., Rajec, P.,  Adamčík, P. (1998). Micellar ultrafiltration preconcentration of strontium by anionic micellar solution. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry, 228(1), 115-117.
[19] Aoudia, M., Allal, N., Djennet, A.,  Toumi, L. (2003).Dynamic micellar enhanced ultrafiltration: use of anionic (SDS)–nonionic (NPE) system to remove Cr 3+ at low surfactant concentration. Journal of membrane science,217(1), 181-192.
[20] Muthuraman, G.,  Teng, T. T. (2009). Extraction and recovery of rhodamine B, methyl violet and methylene blue from industrial wastewater using D2EHPA as an extractant. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 15(6),841-846.
[21] Rahmanian, B., Pakizeh, M., Esfandyari, M., Heshmatnezhad, F.,  Maskooki, A. (2011). Fuzzy modeling and simulation for lead removal using micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF). Journal of hazardous materials,192(2),585-592.
[22] Rajabi, M., Mohammadi, B., Asghari, A., Barfi, B., Behzad, M. (2014). Nano-alumina coated with SDS and modified with salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate for extraction of heavy metals and their determination by anodic stripping voltammetry. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 20(5), 3737-3743.
[23] Ngang, H. P., Ahmad, A. L., Low, S. C.,  Ooi, B. S. (2012).Preparation of mixed-matrix membranes for micellar enhanced ultrafiltration based on response surface methodology.Desalination,293, 7-20.
[24] Hosseini, S. M., Askari, M., Koranian, P., Madaeni, S.S.,  Moghadassi, A. R. (2014). Fabrication and electrochemical characterization of PVC based electrodialysis heterogeneous ion exchange membranes filled with Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 20(4), 2510-2520.
[25] Rahmanian, B., Pakizeh, M.,  Maskooki, A. (2010). Micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration of zinc in synthetic
wastewater using spiral-wound membrane. Journal of hazardous materials, 184(1), 261-267.
[26] Vinder, A.,  Simonič, M. (2012). Removal of AOX from waste water with mixed surfactants by MEUF. Desalination, 289, 51-57.
[27] Ghosh, A., Saha, R.,  Saha, B. (2014). Suitable combination of promoter and micellar catalyst for kilo fold rate acceleration on propanol to propionaldehyde conversion in aqueous media. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry,20(1), 345-355.
[28] Zaghbani, N., Hafiane, A., Dhahbi, M. (2007). Separation of methylene blue from aqueous solution
by micellar enhanced ultrafiltration. Separation and purification technology, 55(1), 117-124.
[29] Biglu, Y. F. G.,  Taheri-Nassaj, E. (2013). Synthesis and characterization of alumina supported sub-nanoporous SiO 2–10wt% TiO 2 membrane for nitrogen separation. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 19(5), 1752-1759.
[30] Ngang, H. P., Ahmad, A. L., Low, S. C., Ooi, B. S. (2012). Preparation of mixed-matrix membranes for micellar enhanced ultrafiltration based on response surface methodology.Desalination, 293, 7-20.
[31] Samper, E., Rodríguez, M., De la Rubia, M. A.,  Prats, D. (2009). Removal of metal ions at low concentration by micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF) using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and linear
alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS).Separation and purification technology, 65(3), 337-342.
[32] Fang, Y. Y., Zeng, G. M., Huang, J. H., Liu, J. X., Xu, X.M., Xu, K., Qu, Y. H. (2008). Micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration of cadmium ions with anionic–nonionic surfactants.Journal of membrane science, 320(1), 514-519.
[33] Zaghbani, N., Hafiane, A., Dhahbi, M. (2008). Removal of Safranin T from wastewater using micellar enhanced ultrafiltration. Desalination, 222(1), 348-356.
[34] He, Y., Li, G., Wang, H., Zhao, J., Su, H.,  Huang, Q.(2008). Effect of operating conditions on separation performance of reactive dye solution with membrane process. Journal of membrane science, 321(2), 183-189.
[35] Li, X., Zeng, G. M., Huang, J. H., Zhang, D. M., Shi, L.J., He, S. B., Ruan, M. (2011). Simultaneous removal of cadmium ions and phenol with MEUF using SDS and mixed surfactants. Desalination, 276(1), 136-141.
[36] Ghosh, G., Bhattacharya, P. K. (2006). Hexavalent chromium ion removal through micellar enhanced ultrafiltration.Chemical Engineering Journal, 119(1), 45-53.
[37] Moghadassi, A. R., Koranian, P., Hosseini, S. M., Askari, M., Madaeni, S. S. (2014). Surface modification of heterogeneous cation exchange membrane through simultaneous using polymerization of PAA and multi walled carbon nano tubes. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 20(5), 2710-2718.
[38] Chhatre, A. J.,  Marathe, K. V. (2006). Dynamic analysis and optimization of surfactant dosage in micellar enhanced ultrafiltration of nickel from aqueous streams. Separation science and technology, 41(12),2755-2770.
[39] Baek, K.,  Yang, T. W. (2004). Competitive bind of anionic metals with cetylpyridinium chloride micelle in micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration.Desalination, 167, 101