Removal of Ni (II) from aqueous solution using modified MCM-41 nano-adsorbents

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran

2 Department of chemistry, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran



In this study, a synthetic and modified PPAP-MPTMS-MCM-41 nano-adsorbent was used to remove nickel (II) during a batch process. Studying the parameters that were effective on adsorption revealed that the PPAP-MPTMS-MCM-41 adsorbent was the most effective in the adsorption of nickel (II) from a standard solution (Conc. = 5 mg/L, volume = 100 mL) under the following conditions: pH=8, contact time = 20 min, 6 wt.% of poly para-aminophenol (PPAP) ligand, adsorbent mass = 0.3 g, 1 molar hydrochloric acid (to remove nickel from the adsorbent), and NaCl salt with a concentration of less than 100 g/L. The results showed that the Langmuir isotherm had a higher linear and non-linear fitting with the experimental data. Investigating the kinetic models and mass transfer of this adsorption process showed that the experimental data were in good agreement with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the intra-particle mass transfer model. According to thermodynamic studies, this adsorption process is endothermic; its Gibbs free energy value is positive such that with an increase in temperature, it goes to lower values, and thus the process progresses spontaneously.


Main Subjects

[1] Duda-Chodak A, Blaszczyk U. (2008). The impact of nickel on human health. Journal of elementology, 13(4),685-693.

[2] Badruddoza A, Tay A, Tan P, Hidajat K, Uddin M. (2011). Carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin conjugated magnetic nanoparticles as nano-adsorbents for removal of copper ions: synthesis and adsorption studies. Journal of hazardous materials, 185(2-3),1177-1186.

[3] Song J, Kong H, Jang J. (2011). Adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by polyrhodanine-encapsulated magnetic nanoparticles. Journal of colloid and interface science, 359(2),505-511.

[4] Khan TA, Singh VV. (2010). Removal of cadmium (II), lead (II), and chromium (VI) ions from aqueous solution using clay, Toxicological and environ chemistry 92(8),1435-1446.

[5] Subramani BS, Shrihari S, Manu B, Babunarayan K. (2019). Evaluation of pyrolyzed areca husk as a potential adsorbent for the removal of Fe2+ ions from aqueous solutions. Journal of environmental management, 246,345-354.

[6] Abadi MJ, Nouri S, Zhiani R, Heydarzadeh H, Motavalizadehkakhky A. (2019). Removal of tetracycline from aqueous solution using Fe-doped zeolite. International journal of industrial chemistry, 10(4),291-300.

[7] Mousavi SZ, Manteghian M, Shojaosadati SA, Pahlavanzadeh H. (2018). Keratin nanoparticles: synthesis and application for Cu (II) removal. Advances in Environmental Technology, 4(2), 83-93.

[8] Sharaf G, Abdel-Galil E, El-eryan Y. (2018). Modeling studies for adsorption of phenol and co-pollutants onto granular activated carbon prepared from olive oil industrial waste. Advances in environmental technology, 4(1),23-40.

[9] Schulz-Ekloff G, Wöhrle D, van Duffel B, Schoonheydt RA. (2002). Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties. Microporous and mesoporous materials, 51(2),91-138.

[10] Scott BJ, Wirnsberger G, Stucky GD. (2001). Mesoporous and mesostructured materials for optical applications. Chemistry of materials, 13(10),3140-3150.

[11] Moriguchi I, Honda M, Ohkubo T, Mawatari Y, Teraoka Y. (2004). Adsorption and photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue on mesoporous metallosilicates. Catalysis today, 90(3-4),297-303.

[12] Adjdir, M. (2010). Synthesis of mesoporous nanomaterials from natural sources as low-cost nanotechnology (Doctoral dissertation, Verlag nicht ermittelbar).

[13] Øye G, Sjöblom J, Stöcker M. (2001). Synthesis, characterization and potential applications of new materials in the mesoporous range. Advances in colloid and interface science, 89,439-466.

[14] Pinnavaia T. (1999). Selective adsorption of Hg 2+ by thiol-functionalized nanoporous silica. Chemical communications, (1), 69-70.

[15] Liu AM, Hidajat K, Kawi S, Zhao DY. (2000). A new class of hybrid mesoporous materials with functionalized organic monolayers for selective adsorption of heavy metal ions. Chemical communications, (13), 1145-1146.

[16] Algarra M, Jiménez MV, Rodríguez-Castellón E, Jiménez-López A, Jiménez-Jiménez J. (2005). Heavy metals removal from electroplating wastewater by aminopropyl-Si MCM-41. Chemosphere, 59(6), 779-786.

[17] Ebrahimzadeh H, Tavassoli N, Sadeghi O, Amini M, Vahidi S, Aghigh SM, Moazzen E. (2012). Extraction of nickel from soil, water, fish, and plants on novel pyridine-functionalized MCM-41 and MCM-48 nanoporous silicas and its subsequent determination by FAAS. Food analytical methods, 5(5),1070-1078.

[18] Ghorbani M, Nowee SM. (2015). Kinetic studies of Pb and Ni adsorption onto MCM-41 amine-functionalized nano particle. Advances in environmental technology, 1(2), 101-104.

[19] He R, Wang Z, Tan L, Zhong Y, Li W, Xing D, Wei C, Tang Y. (2018). Design and fabrication of highly ordered ion imprinted SBA-15 and MCM-41 mesoporous organosilicas for efficient removal of Ni2+ from different properties of wastewaters. Microporous and mesoporous materials, 257,212-221.

[20] Northcott KA, Miyakawa K, Oshima S, Komatsu Y, Perera JM, Stevens GW .(2010). The adsorption of divalent metal cations on mesoporous silicate MCM-41. Chemical engineering journal, 157(1),25-28.

[21] Jalali M, Aliakbar A. (2013). Electrochemical synthesis and characterization of a new selective chelating agent for Ni (II) and its environmental analytical application. Analytical methods, 5(22),6352-6359.

 [22] Aliakbar A, Jalali M. (2014). Electrosynthesis of a new selective chelating agent for solid phase extraction of Ni (II) from water samples: characterisation and analytical applications. International journal of environmental analytical chemistry, 94(6),562-578.

[23] Teymouri M, SAMADI MA, Vahid A. (2011). A rapid method for the synthesis of highly ordered MCM-41 International Nano Letters, 1(1),34-37.

[24] Jalali M, Aliakbar A. (2015). Synthesis, characterisation and application of mercapto- and polyaminophenol-bifunctionalised MCM-41 for dispersive micro solid phase extraction of Ni(II) prio to inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (DMSPE-ICP-OES). International journal of environmental analytical chemistry, 95(6),542-555.

[25] Showkat AM, Zhang Y-p, Kim MS, Gopalan AI, Reddy KR, Lee K. (2007). Analysis of heavy metal toxic ions by adsorption onto amino-functionalized ordered mesoporous silica. Bulletin-Korean chemical society, 28(11),1985.

[26] Khosa MA, Ullah A. (2014). In-situ modification, regeneration, and application of keratin biopolymer for arsenic removal. Journal of hazardous materials, 278,360-37.

[27] Freundlich H. (1906). Uber die adsorption in losungen [Adsorption in solution]” Zeitschrift für physikalische chemie, 57, 384-470.

[28] Langmuir I. (1916). The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids. Journal of the American chemical society, 38(11),2221-2295.

[29] Ayawei N, Ebelegi AN, Wankasi D. (2017). Modelling and interpretation of adsorption isotherms. Journal of chemistry, 2017 (11),1-11.

[30] Redlich O, Peterson DL. (1959). A useful adsorption isotherm. Journal of physical chemistry, 63(6),1024-1024.

[31] Sips R .(1948). On the structure of a catalyst surface. The journal of chemical physics, 16(5),490-495.

[32] Qiu, H., Lv, L., Pan, B. C., Zhang, Q. J., Zhang, W. M., Zhang, Q. X. (2009). Critical review in adsorption kinetic models. Journal of Zhejiang University-Science A, 10(5), 716-724.

[33] Pérez-Quintanilla D, Sánchez A, del Hierro I, Fajardo M, Sierra I. (2007). Preparation, characterization, and Zn2+ adsorption behavior of chemically modified MCM-41 with 5-mercapto-1-methyltetrazole. Journal of colloid and interface science, 313(2),551-562.

[34] Aksu Z. (2002). Determination of the equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the batch biosorption of nickel (II) ions onto Chlorella vulgaris. Process biochemistry, 38(1),89-99.