Sorption, degradation and leaching of pesticides in soils amended with organic matter: A review

Document Type: Review Paper

Authors

1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agronomy, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

2 Department of Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

The use of pesticides in modern agriculture is unavoidable because they are required to control weeds. Pesticides are poisonous; hence, they are dangerous if misused. Understanding the fate of pesticides will be useful to use them safely. Therefore, contaminations of water and soil resources could be avoided. The fates of pesticides in soils are influenced by their sorption, decomposition and movement. Degradation and leaching of pesticides are control by sorption. Soil organic matter and clay content are main soil constituents that have a high capacity for sorption of pesticides. Addition of organic maters to amend the soils is a usual practice that every year has been done in a huge area of worldwide.  The added organic amendments to the soils affect the fate of pesticides in soils as well. Pesticides fates in different soils are different. The addition of organic matter to soils causes different fates for pesticides as well. It is known from the studies that sorption of non-ionic pesticides by soil in aqueous system is controlled mainly by the organic matter content of the soils. Sorption of pesticides has been reported to increase by amending soils with organic matter. In general, conditions that promote microbial activity enhance the rate of pesticides degradation, and those that inhibit the growth of microorganisms reduce the rate of degradation. Amendment of soils with organic matter may modify leaching of pesticides in soil. Some studies showed that organic matter added to soils reduced pesticides in ground water. Generally, organic amendments induces the restriction of pesticides leaching in soils.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Gerstl, Z., Yaron, B. (1983). Behavior of bromacil and napropamide in soils: I. Adsorption and degradation. Soil science society of America journal, 47(3), 474-478.

[2] Worrall, F., Fernandez-Perez, M., Johnson, A. C., Flores-Cesperedes, F., Gonzalez-Pradas, E. (2001). Limitations on the role of incorporated organic matter in reducing pesticide leaching. Journal of contaminant hydrology, 49(3), 241-262.

[3] Lei, W., Zhou, X. (2017). Experiment and simulation on adsorption of 3, 5, 6-Trichloro-2-Pyridinol in typical farmland of purple soil, Southwestern China. Soil and sediment contamination: An international journal, 26(4), 345-363.

[4] Weber, J. B., Wilkerson, G. G., Reinhardt, C. F. (2004). Calculating pesticide sorption coefficients (K d) using selected soil properties. Chemosphere, 55(2), 157-166.

[5] Weber, J. B., Taylor, K. A., Wilkerson, G. G. (2006). Soil cover and tillage influenced metolachlor mobility and dissipation in field lysimeters. Agronomy journal, 98(1), 19-25.

[6] Hamaker, J.W.; Thompson, J.M. (1972). Adsorption. P.49-113. In C.A.I. Goring and J.W. Hamaker (ed.) Organic Chemicals in the soil environment.Vol. 1. Marcel Dekker, New York.

[7] Khan, S. U. (1978). The interaction of organic matter with pesticides. Developments in soil science, 8, 137-171.

[8] Khan, S. U. (1980). Pesticides in the soil environment. Elsevier. P, 29-56.

[9] Beestman, G. B., Deming, J. M. (1974). Dissipation of acetanilide herbicides from soils. Agronomy journal, 66(2), 308-311.

[10] Baker, J.L., Mickelson, S.K. (1994). Application technology and best management practices for minimizing herbicide runoff. Weed technology, 8, 862-869.

[11] Shipitalo, M. J., Dick, W. A., Edwards, W. M. (2000). Conservation tillage and macropore factors that affect water movement and the fate of chemicals. Soil and tillage research, 53(3), 167-183.

[12] Chiou, C. T. (1989). Theoretical considerations of the partition uptake of nonionic organic compounds by soil organic matter. Reactions and movement of organic chemicals in soils, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 1-29.

[13] Senesi, N. (1992). Binding mechanisms of pesticides to soil humic substances. Science of total environment, 12, 63-76.

[14] Weber, J. B., Miller, C. T. (1989). Organic chemical movement over and through soil. Reactions and movement of organic chemicals in soils, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 305-334.

[15] Stolpe, N. B., Kuzila, M. S. (2002). Relative mobility of atrazine, 2, 4-D and dicamba in volcanic soils of South-central Chile 1. Soil science, 167(5), 338-345.

[16] Hance, R.J. (1989). Adsorption and bioavailability. In: I.R. Grover (ed.). Environmental chemistry of herbicides, Vol. pp. 1-9.CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

[17] Sluszny, C., Graber, E. R., Gerstl, Z. (1999). Sorption of s-triazine herbicides in organic matter amended soils: fresh and incubated systems. Water, air, and soil pollution, 115(1), 395-410.

[18] Sadegh-Zadeh, F., Wahid, S. A., Omar, D., Othman, R., Seh-Bardan, B. J. (2011). Sorption and desorption of napropamide in sandy soil amended with chicken dung and palm oil mill effluent. Soil and sediment contamination, 20(4), 387-399.

[19] Stolpe, N. B., McCallister, D. L., Shea, P. J., Lewis, D. T., Dam, R. (1993). Mobility of aniline, benzoic acid, and toluene in four soils and correlation with soil properties. Environmental pollution, 81(3), 287-295.

[20] Celis, R., Cornejo, J., Hermosin, M. C., Koskinen, W. C. (1997). Sorption-desorption of atrazine and simazine by model soil colloidal components. Soil science society of America journal, 61(2), 436-443.

[21] Turin, H. J., Bowman, R. S. (1997). Sorption behavior and competition of bromacil, napropamide, and prometryn. Journal of environmental quality, 26(5), 1282-1287.

[22] Nelson, S. D., Farmer, W. J., Letey, J., Williams, C. F. (2000). Stability and mobility of napropamide complexed with dissolved organic matter in soil columns. Journal of environmental quality, 29(6), 1856-1862.

[23] Von Oepen, B., Kördel, W., Klein, W. (1991). Sorption of nonpolar and polar compounds to soils: processes, measurements and experience with the applicability of the modified OECD-Guideline 106. Chemosphere, 22(3-4), 285-304.

[24] Aguer, J. P., Cox, L., Richard, C., Hermosin, M. C., Cornejo, J. (2000). Sorption and photolysis studies in soil and sediment of the herbicide napropamide. Journal of environmental science and health part B, 35(6), 725-738.

[25] Dolaptsoglou, C., Karpouzas, D. G., Menkissoglu-Spiroudi, U., Eleftherohorinos, I., Voudrias, E. A. (2007). Influence of different organic amendments on the degradation, metabolism, and adsorption of terbuthylazine. Journal of environmental quality, 36(6), 1793-1802.

[26] Cheah, U. B., Kirkwood, R. C., Lum, K. Y. (1997). Adsorption, desorption and mobility of four commonly used pesticides in Malaysian agricultural soils. Pest management science, 50(1), 53-63.

[27] Grey, T. L., Walker, R. H., Hancock, H. G. (1997). Sulfentrazone adsorption and mobility as affected by soil and pH. Weed science, 45(5),733-738.

[28] Piccolo, A., Celano, G. (1993). Modification of infrared spectra of the herbicide glyphosate induced by pH variation. Journal of environmental science and health part B, 28(4), 447-457.

[29] Peter, C. J., Weber, J. B. (1985). Adsorption, mobility, and efficacy of alachlor and metolachlor as influenced by soil properties. Weed science, 33(6), 874-881.

[30] Davies, J. E. D., Jabeen, N. (2003). The adsorption of herbicides and pesticides on clay minerals and soils. Part 2. Atrazine. Journal of inclusion phenomena and macrocyclic chemistry, 46(1), 57-64.

[31] Báez, M. E., Espinoza, J., Silva, R., Fuentes, E. (2015). Sorption-desorption behavior of pesticides and their degradation products in volcanic and nonvolcanic soils: interpretation of interactions through two-way principal component analysis. Environmental science and pollution research, 22(11), 8576-8585.

[32] Nennemann, A., Mishael, Y., Nir, S., Rubin, B., Polubesova, T., Bergaya, F., Lagaly, G. (2001). Clay-based formulations of metolachlor with reduced leaching. Applied clay science, 18(5), 265-275.

[33] Mortland, M. M. (1970). Clay-organic complexes and interactions. Advances in agronomy, 22, 75-117.

[34] Sawhney, B. L., Singh, S. S. (1997). Sorption of atrazine by Al-and Ca-saturated smectite. Clays clay miner, 45, 333-338.

[35] Sheng, G., Johnston, C. T., Teppen, B. J., Boyd, S. A. (2002). Adsorption of Dinitrophenol Herbfrom Water by Montmorillonites. Clays and Clay Minerals50(1), 25-34.

[36] Laird, D. A., Fleming, P. D. (1999). Mechanisms for adsorption of organic bases on hydrated smectite surfaces. Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 18(8), 1668-1672.

[37] Jaynes, W. F., Boyd, S. A. (1991). Hydrophobicity of siloxane surfaces in smectites as revealed by aromatic hydrocarbon adsorption from water. Clays and clay minerals, 39(4), 428-436.

[38] Sheng, G., Johnston, C. T., Teppen, B. J., Boyd, S. A. (2001). Potential contributions of smectite clays and organic matter to pesticide retention in soils. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 49(6), 2899-2907.

[39] Kumar, N., Mukherjee, I., Varghese, E. (2015). Adsorption–desorption of tricyclazole: effect of soil types and organic matter. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(3), 61.

[40] Williams, C. F., Letey, J., Farmer, W. J. (2006). Estimating the potential for facilitated transport of napropamide by dissolved organic matter. Soil science society of America journal, 70(1), 24-30.

[41] Albarrán, A., Celis, R., Hermosın, M. C., López-Piñeiro, A., Cornejo, J. (2004). Behaviour of simazine in soil amended with the final residue of the olive-oil extraction process. Chemosphere, 54(6), 717-724.

[42] Chiou, C. T., Porter, P. E., Schmedding, D. W. (1983). Partition equilibriums of nonionic organic compounds between soil organic matter and water. Environmental science technology, 17(4), 227-231.

[43] Das, S. K., Mukherjee, I., Kumar, A. (2015). Effect of soil type and organic manure on adsorption–desorption of flubendiamide. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(7), 403.

[44] Huang, X., Lee, L. S. (2001). Effects of dissolved organic matter from animal waste effluent on chlorpyrifos sorption by soils. Journal of environmental quality, 30(4), 1258-1265.

[45] Ben-Hur, M., Letey, J., Farmer, W. J., Williams, C. F., Nelson, S. D. (2003). Soluble and solid organic matter effects on atrazine adsorption in cultivated soils Soil science society of America journal, 67(4), 1140-1146.

[46] Li, K., Xing, B., Torello, W. A. (2005). Effect of organic fertilizers derived dissolved organic matter on pesticide sorption and leaching. Environmental pollution, 134(2), 187-194.

[47] Cox, L., Velarde, P., Cabrera, A., Hermosín, M. C., Cornejo, J. (2007). Dissolved organic carbon interactions with sorption and leaching of diuron in organic‐amended soils. European journal of soil science, 58(3), 714-721.

[48] Senesi, N., Loffredo, E., D'Orazio, V., Brunetti, G., Miano, T. M., La Cava, P. (2001). Adsorption of pesticides by humic acids from organic amendments and soils. Humic substances and chemical contaminants, (humicsubstancesa), 129-153.

[49] Nelson, S. D., Letey, J., Farmer, W. J., Williams, C. F., Ben-Hur, M. (2000). Herbicide application method effects on napropamide complexation with dissolved organic matter. Journal of environmental quality, 29(3), 987-994.

[50] Lee, D. Y., Farmer, W. J. (1989). Dissolved organic matter interaction with napropamide and four other nonionic pesticides. Journal of environmental quality, 18(4), 468-474.

[51] Lee, D. Y., Farmer, W. J. (1989). Dissolved organic matter interaction with napropamide and four other nonionic pesticides. Journal of environmental quality, 18(4), 468-474.

[52] Briceño, G., Palma, G., Durán, N. (2007). Influence of organic amendment on the biodegradation and movement of pesticides. Critical reviews in environmental science and technology, 37(3), 233-271.

[53] Fernandes, M. C., Cox, L., Hermosín, M. C., Cornejo, J. (2006). Organic amendments affecting sorption, leaching and dissipation of fungicides in soils. Pest management science, 62(12), 1207-1215.

[54] Mingelgrin, U., Gerstl, Z. (1983). Reevaluation of partitioning as a mechanism of nonionic chemicals adsorption in soils. Journal of environmental quality, 12(1), 1-11.

[55] Sadegh-Zadeh, F., Wahid, S. A., Seh-Bardan, B. J., Othman, R., Omar, D. (2012). Fate of napropamide herbicide in selected Malaysian soils. Journal of environmental science and health, Part B, 47(2), 144-151.

[56] Kumari, K. G. I. D., Moldrup, P., Paradelo, M., Elsgaard, L., de Jonge, L. W. (2016). Soil properties control glyphosate sorption in soils amended with birch wood biochar. Water, air, and soil pollution, 227(6), 174.

[57] Herath, I., Kumarathilaka, P., Al-Wabel, M. I., Abduljabbar, A., Ahmad, M., Usman, A. R., Vithanage, M. (2016). Mechanistic modeling of glyphosate interaction with rice husk derived engineered biochar. Microporous and mesoporous materials, 225, 280-288.

[58] Khorram, M. S., Zhang, Q., Lin, D., Zheng, Y., Fang, H., Yu, Y. (2016). Biochar: A review of its impact on pesticide behavior in soil environments and its potential applications. Journal of environmental sciences, 44, 269-279.

[59] Gámiz, B., Velarde, P., Spokas, K. A., Hermosín, M. C., Cox, L. (2017). Biochar Soil Additions Affect Herbicide Fate: Importance of application timing and feedstock species. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 65(15), 3109-3117.

[60] Cabrera, A., Cox, L., Spokas, K. U. R. T., Hermosín, M. C., Cornejo, J., Koskinen, W. C. (2014). Influence of biochar amendments on the sorption–desorption of aminocyclopyrachlor, bentazone and pyraclostrobin pesticides to an agricultural soil. Science of the total environment, 470, 438-443.

[61] Beulke, S., Van Beinum, W., Brown, C. D., Mitchell, M., Walker, A. (2005). Evaluation of simplifying assumptions on pesticide degradation in soil. Journal of environmental quality, 34(6), 1933-1943.

[62] Walker, A., Parekh, N. R., Roberts, S. J., Welch, S. J. (1993). Evidence for the enhanced biodegradation of napropamide in soil. Pest management science, 39(1), 55-60.

[63] Walker, A., Welch, S. J., Roberts, S. J. (1996). Induction and transfer of enhanced biodegradation of the herbicide napropamide in soils. Pest management science, 47(2), 131-135.

[64] Sadegh‐Zadeh, F., Samsuri, A. W., Radziah, O., Dzolkhifli, O., Seh‐Bardan, B. J. (2012). Degradation and leaching of napropamide in BRIS soil amended with chicken dung and palm oil mill effluent. Clean–soil, air, water, 40(6), 599-606.

[65] Ng, H. Y. F., Gaynor, J. D., Tan, C. S., Drury, C. F. (1995). Dissipation and loss of atrazine and metolachlor in surface and subsurface drain water: a case studyWater research, 29(10), 2309-2317.

[66] Shaner, D. L., Henry, W. B. (2007). Field history and dissipation of atrazine and metolachlor in Colorado. Journal of environmental quality 36(1), 128-134.

[67] Abdelhafid, R., Houot, S., Barriuso, E. (2000). Dependence of atrazine degradation on C and N availability in adapted and non-adapted soils. Soil biology and biochemistry, 32(3), 389-401.

[68] Rhine, E.D., Fuhrmann, J.J., Radosevich, M. (2003). Microbial community response to atrazine exposure and nutrient availability: Linking degradation capacity to community structure. Microbiology ecology 46, 145-160.

[69] Hamaker, J. W., Youngson, C. R., Goring, C. A. I. (1968). Rate of detoxification of 4‐Amino‐3, 5, 6‐Trichloropicolonic acid in soil. Weed research, 8(1), 46-57.

[70] Hance, R. J., McKone, C. E. (1971). Effect of concentration on the decomposition rates in soil of atrazine, linuron and picloram. Pest management science, 2(1), 31-34.

[71] Kot-Wasik, A., Dabrowska, D., Namiesnik, J. (2004). The Importance of Degradation in the Fate of Selected Organic Compounds in the Environment. Part I. General Considerations. Polish journal of environmental studies, 13(6). 617-626.

[72] Madhum, Y. A., Freed, V. H. (1987). Degradation of the herbicides bromacil, diuron and chlortoluron in soil. Chemosphere, 16(5), 1003-1011.

[73] Raymond, J. W., Rogers, T. N., Shonnard, D. R., Kline, A. A. (2001). A review of structure-based biodegradation estimation methods. Journal of hazardous materials, 84(2), 189-215.

[74] Von Wirén-Lehr, S., Scheunert, I., Dörfler, U. (2002). Mineralization of plant-incorporated residues of 14 C-isoproturon in arable soils originating from different farming systems. Geoderma, 105(3), 351-366.

[75] Boivin, A., Amellal, S., Schiavon, M., Van Genuchten, M. T. (2005). 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) sorption and degradation dynamics in three agricultural soils. Environmental pollution, 138(1), 92-99.

[76] Sanchez, M. E., Estrada, I. B., Martinez, O., Martin-Villacorta, J., Aller, A., Moran, A. (2004). Influence of the application of sewage sludge on the degradation of pesticides in the soil. Chemosphere, 57(7), 673-679.

[77] Chantigny, M. H. (2003). Dissolved and water-extractable organic matter in soils: a review on the influence of land use and management practices. Geoderma, 113(3), 357-380.

[78] Cox, L., Cecchi, A., Celis, R., Hermosín, M. D. C., Koskinen, W.C., Cornejo, J. (2001). Effect of exogenous carbon on movement of simazine and 2, 4-D in soils. Soil science society of America journal, 65(6), 1688-1695.

[79] Iglesias-Jiménez, E., Poveda, E., Sánchez-Martín, M. J., Sánchez-Camazano, M. (1997). Effect of the nature of exogenous organic matter on pesticide sorption by the soil. Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology, 33(2), 117-124.

[80] Antonious, G. F., Patterson, M. A., Snyder, J. C. (2005). Impact of soil amendments on broccoli quality and napropamide movement under field conditions. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 75(4), 797-804.

[81] Getenga, Z. M., Kengara, F. O. (2004). Mineralization of glyphosate in compost-amended soil under controlled conditions. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 72(2), 266-275.

[82] Getenga, Z. M. (2003). Enhanced mineralization of atrazine in compost-amended soil in laboratory studies. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 71(5), 933-941.

[83] Barker, A. V., Bryson, G. M. (2002). Bioremediation of heavy metals and organic toxicants by composting. The scientific world journal, 2, 407-420.

[84] Wanner, U., Führ, F., Burauel, P. (2005). Influence of the amendment of corn straw on the degradation behaviour of the fungicide dithianon in soil. Environmental pollution, 133(1), 63-70.

[85] Breugelmans, P., Barken, K. B., Tolker-Nielsen, T., Hofkens, J., Dejonghe, W., Springael, D. (2008). Architecture and spatial organization in a triple-species bacterial biofilm synergistically degrading the phenylurea herbicide linuron. FEMS microbiology ecology, 64(2), 271-282.

[86] Breugelmans, P., Horemans, B., Hofkens, J., Springael, D. (2010). Response to mixed substrate feeds of the structure and activity of a linuron-degrading triple-species biofilm. Research in microbiology, 161(8), 660-666.

[87] Sadegh-Zadeh, F. (2010). Sorption – desorption, degradation and leaching of napropamide in selected Malaysian soils. PhD thesis. Universiti Putra Malaysia.161 pages.

[88] Tang, X., Huang, W., Guo, J., Yang, Y., Tao, R., & Xu, F. (2017). Use of Fe-impregnated Biochar to Efficiently Sorb Chlorpyrifos, reduce uptake by Allium fistulosum L. and Enhance Microbial Community diversity. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry.65(26),5238-5243.

[89] Zhang, X., Sarmah, A. K., Bolan, N. S., He, L., Lin, X., Che, L., Wang, H. (2016). Effect of aging process on adsorption of diethyl phthalate in soils amended with bamboo biochar. Chemosphere, 142, 28-34.

[90] Donaldson, S. G., Miller, G. C. (1996). Coupled transport and photodegradation of napropamide in soils undergoing evaporation from a shallow water table. Environmental science and technology, 30(3), 924-930.

[91] Gerstl, Z., Yaron, B. (1983). Behavior of bromacil and napropamide in soils: II. Distribution after application from a point source. Soil science society of America journal, 47(3), 478-483.

[92] Williams, C. F., Agassi, M., Letey, J., Farmer, W. J., Nelson, S. D., Ben-Hur, M. (2000). Facilitated transport of napropamide by dissolved organic matter through soil columns. Soil science society of America journal, 64(2), 590-594.

[93] Van Genuchten, M. T., Wierenga, P. J. (1976). Mass transfer studies in sorbing porous media I. Analytical solutions. Soil science society of America journal, 40(4), 473-480.

[94] Reichenberger, S., Amelung, W., Laabs, V., Pinto, A., Totsche, K. U., Zech, W. (2002). Pesticide displacement along preferential flow pathways in a Brazilian Oxisol Geoderma, 110(1), 63-86.

[95]Jury, W. A., Elabd, H., Resketo, M. (1986). Field study of napropamide movement through unsaturated soil. Water resources research, 22(5), 749-755.

[96] Neurath, S. K., Sadeghi, A. M., Shirmohammadi, A., Isensee, A. R., Torrents, A. (2004). Atrazine distribution measured in soil and leachate following infiltration conditions. Chemosphere, 54(4), 489-496.

[97] Si, Y., Zhang, J., Wang, S., Zhang, L., Zhou, D. (2006). Influence of organic amendment on the adsorption and leaching of ethametsulfuron-methyl in acidic soils in China. Geoderma, 130(1), 66-76.

[98] Kung, K. J., Steenhuis, T. S., Kladivko, E. J., Gish, T. J., Bubenzer, G., Helling, C. S. (2000). Impact of preferential flow on the transport of adsorbing and non-adsorbing tracers. Soil science society of America journal, 64(4), 1290-1296.

[99] Williams, C. F., Letey, J., Farmer, W. J. (2002). Molecular weight of dissolved organic matter–napropamide complex transported through soil columns. Journal of environmental quality, 31(2), 619-627.

[100] Gerstl, Z., Saltzman, S., Kliger, L., Yaron, B. (1981). Distribution of herbicides in soil in a simulated drip irrigation system. Irrigation science, 2(3), 155-166.

[101] Gerstl, Z., Albasel, N. (1984). Field distribution of pesticides applied via a drip irrigation system. Irrigation science, 5(3), 181-193.

[102] Ghodrati, M., Jury, W. A. (1992). A field study of the effects of soil structure and irrigation method on preferential flow of pesticides in unsaturated soil. Journal of contaminant Hydrology, 11(1-2), 101-125.

[103] Anyusheva, M., Lamers, M., La, N., Nguyen, V. V., Streck, T. (2016). Persistence and leaching of two pesticides in a paddy soil in northern Vietnam. Clean–soil, air, water, 44(7), 858-866.

[104] García-Jaramillo, M., Cox, L., Cornejo, J., Hermosín, M. C. (2014). Effect of soil organic amendments on the behavior of bentazone and tricyclazole. Science of the total environment, 466, 906-913.

[105] Varsha, J., Anjana, S., Pankaj, S. A., Chandra, S. P. Efficacy of Cereal Straw and its Conjoint use with Microbial consortium in Reducing the Leaching of Chlorpyrifos: A soil column study. Research journal of chemical sciences 5, 9-14.