Modeling Groundwater Quality Using Three Novel Hybrid Support Vector Regression Models

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate of Hydraulic Structures, Department of Water Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Candidate of Irrigation and Drainage, Department of Water Engineering, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Hydraulic Structures, Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Master of Irrigation and Drainage, Department of Water Engineering, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.

10.22104/aet.2021.4286.1212

Abstract

During recent decades, the excessive use of water has led to the scarcity of the available surface and groundwater resources. Quantitative and qualitative surveys of groundwater resources indicate that accurate and efficient optimization methods can help to overcome the numerous challenges in assessment of groundwater quality. For this purpose, three optimization meta-heuristic algorithms, including imperialist competitive (ICA), election (EA), and grey wolf (GWO), as well as the support vector regression method (SVR), were used to simulate the groundwater quality of the Salmas Plain. To achieve this goal, the data of the groundwater quality for the Salmas plain were utilized in a statistical period of 10 years (2002-2011). The results were evaluated according to Wilcox, Schuler, and Piper standards. The results indicated higher accuracy of the GWO-SVR method compared to the other two methods with values of R2=0.981, RMSE=0.020 and NSE=0.975. In general, a comparison of the results obtained from the hybrid methods and different diagrams showed that the samples had low hardness and corrosion. Also, the results indicated the high capability and accuracy of the GWO-SVR method in estimating and simulating the groundwater quality.

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